Oppana is makeup. This is dance by Muslims girls while doing bridal makeup. It is an all girls' performance in the bridal chamber. Friends and other girls of the bride's age sing to the rhythm of clapping hands in fast tempo and dance teasing the bride on the eve of marriage preparing her for the ceremony doing her face make up, manicuring and applying henna on the palms and feet.
Therefore it is created to specifically honor the bride. The women folk consisting of fifteen members perform this art form. The number includes musicians who sing Mappila Pattu, the traditional folk Muslim song, throughout the performance. Besides the clapping and dancing, it is the Mappila Pattu that outstands the whole performance. The music involves the use of musical instruments like harmonium, tabla, ganjira and elathalam. There are two styles of singing in Oppana, Oppana Murukkam and Oppana Chaayal. The difference between the two is that when the style of Oppana Murukkam is employed, the singers clap their hands to the beat of the song, whereas in Oppana Chaayal, the clapping is absent. The word Oppana is derived from an Arabic word Afna and is hugely popular among the Youth Festivals among college students. There are separate types of Oppanas for men as well.