Kozhikode or Calicut is situated along the southwestern coast of the Arabian Sea bordering Kerala.The district extends from latitude 11°15 N to 75°49 E. Basking in the idyllic setting of the serene Arabian Sea on the west and mesmerising peaks of the Wayanad hills on the east, this district has all the required ingredients to fascinate a tourist including a host of major attractions.
Due to its nearness to the sea, the place has a hot and humid climate. Summer starts from March and continues until May.The maximum temperature recorded in the month of May is 36°C and the minimum temperature recorded in the month of December is 14°C.The southwest monsoon arrives in the first week of June and the average annual rainfall is 254 cm.
There is not much fact known of the early history of Calicut
except for some prehistoric rock-cut caves that have been found at
many places of the district. During the Sangam age, the district
was under the Chera administration until AD 1122. This was the
time when this region was a major center of trade between Kerala
and the outside world.
city of Calicut came into existence in the 13th century when
Udaiyavar, the king of Ernad, conquered the area around
Ponniankara and built a fort at a place called Velapuram, now
known as Calicut . Interestingly, the name Calicut is derived from
‘calico,’ the fine variety of hand-woven cotton cloth said to have
originated from this place.
The outer world came to know about in 1498 when Vasco da Gama came
to Calicut and obtained permission to carry out trade from here.
Quickly in succession came the English and Dutch. Disputes over
the control of Calicut continued for a long time until 1792, when
the East India Company went into an agreement with the local
Zamorin rulers to directly administer this area. Kerala was
declared a state in 1956, and Calicut today is one of the most
important centers of trade and business in this progressive state.
Sight seeing spots
There are a number of places worth visiting
is the place where Vasco da Gama set foot
for the first time when he came to India on May 27, 1498. There is
a small stone monument at the beach to commemorate that event.
is a treasure house of ancient exhibits belonging to the rajas of
bye gone days. Adjacent to it is an
displaying paintings of Raja Ravi
is a good place to watch dolphins playing in the sea early in the
morning. On this beach are also situated
TownCenter, Lions Club,
and a lighthouse.
is easily accessible from the city and provides a good view of the
setting sun. Two crumbling piers, more than hundred years old,
stand out into sea at the beach. Kozhikode beach also has a
open whole day.
Science center and Planetarium at Jaffarkhan Colony is the best
place to unravel the mysteries of the universe and get enlightened
about the planets and stars as seen from the place. This
planetarium has an interesting array of games, puzzles, and
scientific gadgetry, which can keep a person busyviewing for the
which was the palace tank of King Mana Vikrama, has been now
turned into a traditional architectural splendor with carpeted
green grass and surrounded by ethnic buildings. The place also has
a musical fountain and is worth visiting in Kozhikode.